Issues of Scientific Methodology Reproducibility and controls dominate the logico-conceptual-empirical aspect of science. What is their epistemological status, and what questions do they raise? As in general relativity, where background (boundary) decides even 'intrinsic' (localized) properties such as mass, the surroundings vary even as system variables are (almost) controllable--but for the crucial generality of spacetime (experience) (no two points are identical, among many 'equivalent' representations). Since the Heraclitan background is constantly changing, reproducibility is adventitious: no logical force supports it. Rather, the interest is technological, or technical. Physics conforms to our (presumptive) interest in reproducibally safe bridges, cell phones, shuttles, etc. As reproducibility is a (logically) arbitrary operational criterion, psychologically constrained, controls are idealizations whose veridical oscillations admit, after Quine, an infinity of mathematico-physical representations. Even as to adding differentiable constants (boundaries instanced as objects). Okham's razor is an aesthetic heuristic, whose alternatives (greater conceptual density--a baroque representation) are equally suggestive. It is instructive, and easy--despite our prejudices--to imagine a world of complexity sufficent to embody astronomical and astrological descriptions. And it is as likely as not that each one of us is the center and acme of creation (issues quantifiable within the probability theory of infinite sets). Could we be occupants of a physically unremarkable star system, and yet the moral axis of the universe? The Jewish talmud teaches that the commandants, the center of the law and will of God, were revealed on the summit of the physically unremarkable Sinai to express God's love of humility. A reading that, if known to Calvin and disseminated during the Reformation, could have helped avert, or resolve, the enduring Galilean/Darwinian conflict between Western science (objective--) and religion (subjective--generality).